What procedures are involved?
The process of IVF with donated eggs involves stimulating the egg donor's ovaries to produce multiple eggs. At the same time, the recipient's uterine lining is developed.When the donor's eggs are mature, they are retrieved and fertilized in the laboratory with sperm from the recipient's partner. The resulting embryos are monitored in the laboratory for several days. A few embryos are selected for transfer into the recipient's uterus in the hopes of achieving a pregnancy.
Who is a candidate for egg donation?
Women whose ovaries do not function well are candidates for IVF with donated eggs. For example, women with premature ovarian failure (early menopause) or naturally occurring menopause may benefit from using donated eggs. Women who have experienced repeated failure to conceive with other fertility treatments, including IVF with their own eggs, are also good candidates for IVF with donated eggs.
Anonymous donors are recruited by GENESIS through advertisements and word of mouth. Some recipients have friends or relatives who volunteer to be a known egg donor for them. Egg donation enables the donor to help another individual in a generous and unique way. Donors are screened for genetic and family history, general and reproductive health, and psychological stability. All donors undergo screening for HIV and other infectious diseases such as hepatitis and syphilis. Donors undergo the initial part of in vitro fertilization, i.e. taking injectable medications to induce the maturation of multiple eggs. These eggs are then removed with a needle transvaginally under anesthesia.
Potential recipients undergo an initial consultation with a physician that includes a thorough medical history, a physical examination of the female and laboratory testing of both the male and female. An attempt is made to match each recipient with a donor of a similar physical and ethnic background. Recipients of donated eggs are provided non-identifying medical and family history information about the donor. Given the demand for donors and the rigorous screening process they must pass, there is usually a period of several months before a recipient is matched with a donor. After a suitable donor is found, an individualized medication regimen for synchronizing the development of lining of the recipient's uterus with the egg donor's cycle is developed.
Information and Forms for Donor Programs
Information for Potential Donors
Oocyte Donor Screening Form
Egg Donor Handbook
Donor Recipient Handbook
2008 Guidlines for Gamete and Embryo Donantion